Wednesday, May 20, 2009
Stonehenge is a well-known Neolithic and Bronze Age stone monument located in a UNESCO World Heritage Site on Salisbury Plain inWiltshire . The whole WHS is quite large and contains many other structures from the Neolithic and Bronze Ages.
Stonehenge is located in a World Heritage Site of over 2000 hectares that is considered one of the most archaeologicaly rich in Europe. It is home to some of the most important Neolithic and Bronze Age finds and structures in the UK, and contains some 200 scheduled monuments. It is also the site of one of the biggest Chalk grassland reversion projects in the world.
Evidence indicates that the area around Stonehenge has been occupied since around 8000BC, but it was during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods that the vast majority of the monuments around it came to be built. Early work at Stonehenge itself began in 3000BC when an outer ditch and embankment was constructed, and standing timbers erected. From about 2500BC, Neolithic and Bronze age man started to bring Bluestones and Sarsen stones from Wales and theMalborough Downs . It was not until 1600BC that Stonehenge came to be completed. Most of the other monuments in the area such as Durrington Walls and Woodhenge date from the same period. A nearby hill fort was built during the Iron Age, and there is evidence to suggest that the area was extensively settled by the Romans. The nearby town of Amesbury was later settled during the Saxon reign in 979AD.
Stonehenge and the land immediately around it was given to the nation in 1918. Being on the edge of the military training areaSalisbury plain a large amount of military facilities have also been constructed in the area, including military barracks, a light railway and an aerodrome built within a stones throw of Stonehenge (most of which has now fortunately been removed). Since then the National Trust has acquired some 850 hectares around Stonehenge, and the area was given UNESCO World Heritage status in 1986.
The Stonehenge landscape is one of the best preserved areas of readily accessible chalk downland in the UK. On the edge of Salisbury plain it features several rolling hills and dry river valleys that allow for pleasant walks without too much trouble. Surrounding farmland is ideal for crops and animal grazing.
- Homework: the first stage for the complaint letter was carried out without any problems.
- Speaking: Two students described their pictures and talked about accidents and religion. The remaining students will do it tomorrow Thursday.
- Phonetics: St. B. pg 90 /t/,/d/and the sound for "thin" and the sound for "these".
- Listening: St. B. pg 90 .Reporting Verbs with the topic of cheating in a marathon. Verbs such as: admit, denit, accuse, insist,apologize for ..were dealt with.
- Grammar. Vocabulary Bannk, pg 149 with more reporting verbs and pg 140 with the basic rules and some rephrasing exercises. Workbook pg 57 .
- Homework: A complaint letter about a DVD, video MP3 ,TV set... you bought and doesn´t work.